Borobudur Temple is located in the area of Magelang, Central Java. Borobudur Temple is the largest Buddhist temple in the world. Borobudur Temple was built during the Syailendra period and was completed in 825 AD during the reign of King Samaratungga. The construction of the Temple was done long before the new Angkor Wat Temple in Cambodia that built in the mid-12th century by King Suryavarman II.
The location of the Temple is located 40 km northwest of Yogyakarta and about 1 hour drive from Yogyakarta City.
Based on the meaning of its name, Bara means the monastery complex and Budur which means above, the Borobudur Temple was built on a hill with magnificence. The Borobudur Temple building is divided into 10 levels in the form of “punden berundak”, which symbolizes the stages and processes of human life.
Borobudur Temple has six square terraces on which there are three circular platforms on the walls decorated with 2,672 relief panels and the original there are 504 Buddha statues. The largest main stupa is located in the middle while crowning this building, surrounded by three circular rows of 72 perforated stupas in which there is a Buddha statue sitting cross-legged in a perfect lotus position with the Dharmachakra mudra (hand gesture) mudra.
At each level beautiful reliefs are engraved which illustrate implicitly the teachings of Buddhism which at that time became a religion of public trust. In its history, Borobudur Temple was built for places of worship for Buddhists during the Syailendra Dynasty.
Apart from being the highest symbol in Buddhism, the stupa of the Borobudur temple is a replica of the universe. It symbolizes 3 levels of micro-cosmos. The first level is the human world where desire is influenced by negative impulses. Second level, a world where humans have been able to control their negative impulses and use their positive impulses. And at the highest level, where the human world is no longer limited by physical things and desires. we will be amazed by the splendor of the temple which has reliefs of 6 kilometers while visiting Borobudur Temple.
Buddha statues in the stupas that adorn the top floor of Borobudur Temple are very comfortable places to calm and refresh. Also to take a break after a trip around the Borobudur Temple from the first floor. Because, not only the stupas, the surrounding natural scenery from this level is also very beautiful.
Historically, the period of construction of the temple took 92 years (much longer than the Angkor Wat Temple which took about 30 years). At that time, a place of worship that was indeed shaped like a lotus flower, looked like a lotus flower in the middle of the lake if we looked from a height. Unfortunately, huge earthquakes and volcanic eruptions in the past that had made this temple buried made the lake around this magnificent temple disappear.
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