Wakatobi National Park, The Most Beautiful Underwater Destination in the World
Wakatobi National Park
Indonesia has one of the most beautiful underwater paradise in the world, located in Wakatobi Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province. Wakatobi National Park is a very beautiful diving destination and is the dream of many underwater lovers in the world.
Wangi-Wangi is the capital city of Wakatobi, a gateway to this underwater paradise. There are 4 (four) main islands in this Wakatobi district. The four islands include : Wangi wangi, Kaledupa, Tomia, and Binongko. So, The name of Wakatobi is a portmanteau of the four main Tukangbesi Islands: Wangi-wangi, Kaledupa, Tomia, and Binongko
Before December 18, 2003, this island was called the Tukang Besi Islands and is still part of Buton Regency.
Astronomically, the position of Wakatobi Regency is south of the equator. Wakatobi only has two seasons: the rainy season and the dry season with a vulnerable temperature of 19-34 degrees Celsius, no different from conditions in other regions in Indonesia.
In 1996, the Tukang Besi Islands was designated as the Wakatobi National Park area with a total area of 1.39 million hectares. It includes marine and coral biodiversity which occupies one of the highest priority positions of marine conservation in Indonesia.
The beauty and wealth of the Wakatobi National Park area is already well known in foreign countries. The Wallacea expedition from England in 1995 stated that the area in Southeast Sulawesi was very rich in coral species.750 of the total 850 species of coral in the world are found in Wakatobi.
Wakatobi waters have depths that range from flat to sloping to the sea and in some areas there are steeply lined waters. The deepest part of Wakatobi waters reaches 1,044 meters.
You can find more than 112 species of coral from 13 families, 93 species of fish and several species of seabirds such as Goose-Batu Coklat (Sula leucogaster plotus), Malay Plover (Charadrius peronii) and Raja Udang Erasia (Alcedo atthis) nesting. Some types of turtles also make this park their home such as hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata), loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta), and lekang turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea).
Wakatobi waters also have loyal guests who make Wakatobi waters their playground, a herd of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus). November, when the other hemisphere freezes. a herd of sperm whales will be in Wakatobi. In that month Wakatobi waters were relatively warmer and were abundant in feed which could fill the stomach of the whales. Wakatobi is also a place to play manta ray, whose body size is classified as a giant fish. Mantas are one of the unique and unique types of fish, which are only found in tropical waters.
Triangle Coral Reef
Wakatobi waters are located in the coral reef triangle area, which is an area that has the highest diversity of coral reefs and other marine biodiversity in the world. These coral reefs include Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste that contain at least 500 species of reef-building corals in each ecoregion.
The existence of 25 coral reef clusters and ideal depths make the waters of the Wakatobi National Park an ideal habitat for various types of marine life to live in, making marine residents in the waters of Wakatobi have high aesthetic and conservation values.
Wakatobi National Park specifically surrounded by beaches of coral islands with a coastline of 600 km, and coastal tourism destinations that are very potential to be managed, spread throughout Wakatobi.
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