Komodo Island (Pulau Komodo – Indonesian) and Rinca Island and are the only habitat in the world for Komodo. For this reason, the existence of Komodo is very protected to prevent Komodo from extinction.
Komodo (Varanus komodoensis), is a predator, the last and the only one giant lizard in the world. They can spend hours waiting for a sizable meal to wander within range before launching a deadly attack with their large, curved and serrated teeth. Komodo dragons usually hunt for prey that is weak or injured. Komodo only need one venomous deadly bite to conquer their prey and eat it for days. Animals with a length of about 2-3 meters weighs 165 kg or 100 kg when the stomach is empty. We can find this endangered animals only in Komodo National Park.
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The Komodo National Park was declared as A World Heritage Site and Man and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1986. At its peak on November 11, 2011, the New 7 Wonders announced that the island was in the ranks of 7 world wonder winners along with the Amazon forest, Halong Bay, Iguazu waterfall , Jeju Island, Puerto Princesa River and Table Mountain.
Komodo National Park includes 3 main islands, Komodo Island, Rinca Island and Padar Island plus other small islands with an area of 603 square kilometers. Considering the importance of conserving the habitat of Komodo dragons, the Komodo National Park is expanded to 25 sq km reaching Banta Island and 479 sq km of marine waters. In total there are around 2500 Komodo dragons living in this region. They live in savannas, rain forests, white sand beaches and coral reefs.
What distinguishes Komodo on Rinca Island and on Komodo Island? At Komodo Island, the natural condition is dominated by more forests, while on Rinca Island there are more savannahs. The savannah on Rinca Island is very wide, visible barren to the top of the hill. But that is what is an interesting sight on Rinca Island. The condition of the geographical contours on Rinca Island which has more savanna and tends to heat up the weather also makes Komodo will be more aggressive than on Komodo Island.
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Komodo National Park is located between Sumbawa Island and Flores Island or administratively located in Komodo District, West Manggarai Regency, East Nusa Tenggara. Uniquely, this park is located in the wallace area of Indonesia. The wallace region is formed from a meeting of two continents that form a unique row of volcanic islands and consists of a mixture of birds and animals from Australia and Asia. That is why in Komodo National Park there are 254 species of plants, 58 species of animals and 128 species of birds. No wonder if not only dragons that we can meet here but also horses, wild bulls, deer, male wild boar and various types of birds.
To reach Komodo National Park is not difficult. Daily flights are available on the route Bali – Labuan Bajo or Komodo Island Airport – Bali, each of which takes about 1.5 hours. If the weather allows you to try a motorboat that connects between islands from Sape in West Nusa Tenggara. Pelni ships from Bali and Lombok stop here every two weeks.
Komodo has a very strong sense of smell and can smell blood up to 5 kilometers, for security reasons menstruating women should not visit Komodo Island and rinca Island, because it is more vulnerable to attack by Komodo.
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