How come Finland is so rich while it has no natural resources to speak of?

By Csikár Norbert Adrián,  as published on

There are natural resources in Finland. To be honest, a lot, and it was quite helpful. It's also not enough and not accessible enough for an oligarhic class to be able to capture the state.

The imense forests and available waterways were a huge boost when industrialization came around.  Then the amount of land was also critical in Finland's social development.

Proper land distribution was made feasible as a result of independence, which was partly made possible by natural factors, and it served as the foundation for everything that came after.

Every single person had enough land to make it on their own and support their offspring's education. They had to work hard as the land had to be transformed to allow efficient cultivation, 

but it was an option, unlike most other states which were already overcrowded and the land distributied to the peasantry was not sufficient enough for every individual.

Finland has a large mineral wealth relative to its population. The availability of bedrock for the storage of nuclear waste may very well prove to be a valuable resource in the years to come.

Finland offers the perfect balance of chances and difficulties. The climate literally eliminated the lazy for centuries and the rest had just enough resources to transform the landscape